WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 319591
Description: Zoliflodacin, also known as AZD0914 and ETX0914, is a new spiropyrimidinetrione bacterial DNA gyrase/topoisomerase inhibitor with potent in vitro antibacterial activity against key Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Streptococcus agalactiae), fastidious Gram-negative (Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria gonorrhoeae), atypical (Legionella pneumophila), and anaerobic (Clostridium difficile) bacterial species, including isolates with known resistance to fluoroquinolones. AZD0914 works via inhibition of DNA biosynthesis and accumulation of double-strand cleavages.
MedKoo Cat#: 319591
Chemical Formula: C22H22FN5O7
Exact Mass: 487.1503
Molecular Weight: 487.44
Elemental Analysis: C, 54.21; H, 4.55; F, 3.90; N, 14.37; O, 22.98
Synonym: ETX0914; ETX-0914; ETX 0914; AZD0914; AZD-0914; AZD 0914; Zoliflodacin; CAS#1620458-09-4.
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (2R,4S,4aS)-11-fluoro-2,4-dimethyl-8-((S)-4-methyl-2-oxooxazolidin-3-yl)-1,2,4,4a-tetrahydro-2'H,6H-spiro[isoxazolo[4,5-g][1,4]oxazino[4,3-a]quinoline-5,5'-pyrimidine]-2',4',6'(1'H,3'H)-trione
InChi Key: ZSWMIFNWDQEXDT-ZESJGQACSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H22FN5O7/c1-8-7-33-21(32)28(8)17-12-4-11-5-22(18(29)24-20(31)25-19(22)30)16-10(3)34-9(2)6-27(16)14(11)13(23)15(12)35-26-17/h4,8-10,16H,5-7H2,1-3H3,(H2,24,25,29,30,31)/t8-,9+,10-,16+/m0/s1
SMILES Code: O=C(NC(C12[C@]([C@H](C)O[C@H](C)C3)([H])N3C4=C(F)C(ON=C5N6C(OC[C@@H]6C)=O)=C5C=C4C2)=O)NC1=O
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 487.44 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
1: Foerster S, Golparian D, Jacobsson S, Hathaway LJ, Low N, Shafer WM, Althaus CL, Unemo M. Genetic Resistance Determinants, In Vitro Time-Kill Curve Analysis and Pharmacodynamic Functions for the Novel Topoisomerase II Inhibitor ETX0914 (AZD0914) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Front Microbiol. 2015 Dec 10;6:1377. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01377. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26696986; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4674575.
2: Su XH, Wang BX, Le WJ, Liu YR, Wan C, Li S, Alm RA, Mueller JP, Rice PA. Multidrug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae from Nanjing are sensitive to killing by a novel DNA gyrase inhibitor, ETX0914 (AZD0914). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Oct 19. pii: AAC.01211-15. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26482313.
3: Biedenbach DJ, Huband MD, Hackel M, de Jonge BL, Sahm DF, Bradford PA. In Vitro Activity of AZD0914, a Novel Bacterial DNA Gyrase/Topoisomerase IV Inhibitor, against Clinically Relevant Gram-Positive and Fastidious Gram-Negative Pathogens. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Oct;59(10):6053-63. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01016-15. Epub 2015 Jul 20. PubMed PMID: 26195518; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4576048.
4: Kern G, Palmer T, Ehmann DE, Shapiro AB, Andrews B, Basarab GS, Doig P, Fan J, Gao N, Mills SD, Mueller J, Sriram S, Thresher J, Walkup GK. Inhibition of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type II Topoisomerases by the Novel Spiropyrimidinetrione AZD0914. J Biol Chem. 2015 Aug 21;290(34):20984-94. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.663534. Epub 2015 Jul 6. PubMed PMID: 26149691; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4543657.
5: Unemo M, Ringlander J, Wiggins C, Fredlund H, Jacobsson S, Cole M. High in vitro susceptibility to the novel spiropyrimidinetrione ETX0914 (AZD0914) among 873 contemporary clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from 21 European countries from 2012 to 2014. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Sep;59(9):5220-5. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00786-15. Epub 2015 Jun 15. PubMed PMID: 26077246; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4538562.
6: Waites KB, Crabb DM, Duffy LB, Huband MD. In vitro antibacterial activity of AZD0914 against human Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015;59(6):3627-9. doi: 10.1128/AAC.04945-14. Epub 2015 Mar 30. PubMed PMID: 25824220; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4432128.
7: Alm RA, Lahiri SD, Kutschke A, Otterson LG, McLaughlin RE, Whiteaker JD, Lewis LA, Su X, Huband MD, Gardner H, Mueller JP. Characterization of the novel DNA gyrase inhibitor AZD0914: low resistance potential and lack of cross-resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Mar;59(3):1478-86. doi: 10.1128/AAC.04456-14. Epub 2014 Dec 22. PubMed PMID: 25534723; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4325766.
8: Huband MD, Bradford PA, Otterson LG, Basarab GS, Kutschke AC, Giacobbe RA, Patey SA, Alm RA, Johnstone MR, Potter ME, Miller PF, Mueller JP. In vitro antibacterial activity of AZD0914, a new spiropyrimidinetrione DNA gyrase/topoisomerase inhibitor with potent activity against Gram-positive, fastidious Gram-Negative, and atypical bacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Jan;59(1):467-74. doi: 10.1128/AAC.04124-14. Epub 2014 Nov 10. PubMed PMID: 25385112; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4291388.
9: Kohlhoff SA, Huband MD, Hammerschlag MR. In vitro activity of AZD0914, a novel DNA gyrase inhibitor, against Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014 Dec;58(12):7595-6. doi: 10.1128/AAC.03920-14. Epub 2014 Oct 6. PubMed PMID: 25288086; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4249501.
10: Jacobsson S, Golparian D, Alm RA, Huband M, Mueller J, Jensen JS, Ohnishi M, Unemo M. High in vitro activity of the novel spiropyrimidinetrione AZD0914, a DNA gyrase inhibitor, against multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates suggests a new effective option for oral treatment of gonorrhea. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014 Sep;58(9):5585-8. doi: 10.1128/AAC.03090-14. Epub 2014 Jun 30. PubMed PMID: 24982070; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4135813.
AZD0914 stabilizes and arrests the cleaved covalent complex of gyrase with double-strand broken DNA under permissive conditions and thus blocks religation of the double-strand cleaved DNA to form fused circular DNA. Whereas this mechanism is similar to that seen with fluoroquinolones, it is mechanistically distinct. AZD0914 exhibited low frequencies of spontaneous resistance in S. aureus, and if mutants were obtained, the mutations mapped to gyrB. Additionally, no cross-resistance was observed for AZD0914 against recent bacterial clinical isolates demonstrating resistance to fluoroquinolones or other drug classes, including macrolides, β-lactams, glycopeptides, and oxazolidinones. AZD0914 was bactericidal in both minimum bactericidal concentration and in vitro time-kill studies. In in vitro checkerboard/synergy testing with 17 comparator antibacterials, only additivity/indifference was observed. The potent in vitro antibacterial activity (including activity against fluoroquinolone-resistant isolates), low frequency of resistance, lack of cross-resistance, and bactericidal activity of AZD0914 support its continued development.