WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 406423

CAS#: 478908-51-9

Description: GGTI-2166 is a geranylgeranyl transferase I inhibitor. GGTI-2166 inhibit the pOC formation induced by RANKL or TNF-alpha in cultures of both mouse marrow-derived macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) dependent monocytes (MD cells) and the mouse monocyte cell line RAW 264.7 (RAW cells). GGTI-2166 inhibited TRAP activity induced by RANKL or TNF-alpha in both cell cultures and prevented the incorporation of [3H]all-trans geranylgeraniol into prenylated proteins in RAW cells.

Chemical Structure

CAS# 478908-51-9

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 406423
Name: GGTI-2166
CAS#: 478908-51-9
Chemical Formula: C25H30N4O3
Exact Mass: 434.23179
Molecular Weight: 434.5307
Elemental Analysis: C, 69.10; H, 6.96; N, 12.89; O, 11.05

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Synonym: GGTI2166; GGTI-2166; GGTI 2166.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: methyl (5-(((1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl)amino)-2'-methyl-[1,1'-biphenyl]-2-carbonyl)-L-leucinate


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C25H30N4O3/c1-16(2)11-23(25(31)32-4)29-24(30)21-10-9-18(27-14-19-13-26-15-28-19)12-22(21)20-8-6-5-7-17(20)3/h5-10,12-13,15-16,23,27H,11,14H2,1-4H3,(H,26,28)(H,29,30)/t23-/m0/s1


Appearance: white solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 434.5307 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Mulligan T, Farber SA. Central and C-terminal domains of heterotrimeric G protein gamma subunits differentially influence the signaling necessary for primordial germ cell migration. Cell Signal. 2011 Oct;23(10):1617-24. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2011.05.015. Epub 2011 Jun 15. PubMed PMID: 21699975; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3303753.

2: Kazmers NH, Ma SA, Yoshida T, Stern PH. Rho GTPase signaling and PTH 3-34, but not PTH 1-34, maintain the actin cytoskeleton and antagonize bisphosphonate effects in mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Bone. 2009 Jul;45(1):52-60. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2009.03.675. Epub 2009 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 19361585; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2722510.

3: Yoshida T, Clark MF, Stern PH. The small GTPase RhoA is crucial for MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cell survival. J Cell Biochem. 2009 Apr 1;106(5):896-902. doi: 10.1002/jcb.22059. PubMed PMID: 19184980; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2702993.

4: Woo JT, Nakagawa H, Krecic AM, Nagai K, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM, Stern PH. Inhibitory effects of mevastatin and a geranylgeranyl transferase I inhibitor (GGTI-2166) on mononuclear osteoclast formation induced by receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand (RANKL) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Jan 1;69(1):87-95. PubMed PMID: 15588717.

5: Dan HC, Jiang K, Coppola D, Hamilton A, Nicosia SV, Sebti SM, Cheng JQ. Phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase/AKT and survivin pathways as critical targets for geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibitor-induced apoptosis. Oncogene. 2004 Jan 22;23(3):706-15. PubMed PMID: 14737105.

6: Bolick SC, Landowski TH, Boulware D, Oshiro MM, Ohkanda J, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM, Dalton WS. The farnesyl transferase inhibitor, FTI-277, inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in drug-resistant myeloma tumor cells. Leukemia. 2003 Feb;17(2):451-7. PubMed PMID: 12592346.

7: Sun J, Blaskovich MA, Knowles D, Qian Y, Ohkanda J, Bailey RD, Hamilton AD, Sebti SM. Antitumor efficacy of a novel class of non-thiol-containing peptidomimetic inhibitors of farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyltransferase I: combination therapy with the cytotoxic agents cisplatin, Taxol, and gemcitabine. Cancer Res. 1999 Oct 1;59(19):4919-26. PubMed PMID: 10519405.


10.0mg / Not available

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