WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 200316
Description: Bafetinib, also known as INNO-406 and NS187, is an orally bioavailable 2-phenylaminopyrimidine derivative with potential antineoplastic activity. Bafetinib specifically binds to and inhibits the Bcr/Abl fusion protein tyrosine kinase, an abnormal enzyme produced by Philadelphia chromosomal translocation associated with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This agent also inhibits the Src-family member Lyn tyrosine kinase, upregulated in imatinib-resistant CML cells and in a variety of solid cancer cell types.
MedKoo Cat#: 200316
Chemical Formula: C30H31F3N8O
Exact Mass: 576.25729
Molecular Weight: 576.61
Elemental Analysis: C, 62.49; H, 5.42; F, 9.88; N, 19.43; O, 2.77
Related CAS #: 859212-16-1 887650-05-7
Synonym: INNO406; INNO-406; INNO 406; NS187; NS-187; NS 187; Bafetinib.
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (S)-N-(3-([4,5'-bipyrimidin]-2-ylamino)-4-methylphenyl)-4-((3-(dimethylamino)pyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide
InChi Key: ZGBAJMQHJDFTQJ-DEOSSOPVSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C30H31F3N8O/c1-19-4-7-23(13-27(19)39-29-36-10-8-26(38-29)22-14-34-18-35-15-22)37-28(42)20-5-6-21(25(12-20)30(31,32)33)16-41-11-9-24(17-41)40(2)3/h4-8,10,12-15,18,24H,9,11,16-17H2,1-3H3,(H,37,42)(H,36,38,39)/t24-/m0/s1
SMILES Code: O=C(NC1=CC=C(C)C(NC2=NC=CC(C3=CN=CN=C3)=N2)=C1)C4=CC=C(CN5C[C@@H](N(C)C)CC5)C(C(F)(F)F)=C4
Appearance: white solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
|Biological target:||Bafetinib is a Lyn and Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor.|
|In vitro activity:||Bafetinib (1–10 μM) concentration dependently inhibited PAR2-TRPV4 coupling. In TRPV4 HEKs, 10 μM bafetinib significantly inhibited the coupling response to SLIGRL (F340/F380 ratio 0.39 ± 0.04) and trypsin (0.52 ± 0.06) compared with vehicle control (0.66 ± 0.06 and 1.01 ± 0.11 respectively) (P < 0.05) (Figure 3). Conversely, bafetinib did not affect peak PAR2 or GSK1016790A responses (P > 0.05). Thus, bafetinib inhibits the signalling pathway leading to TRPV4 channel opening, downstream of PAR2 activation, most likely by blocking the activation of a tyrosine kinase. Reference: Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Aug;171(16):3881-94. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128050/|
|In vivo activity:||To investigate whether tyrosine kinase activity mediates this hypersensitivity, C57BL/6 mice were treated with vehicle or bafetinib (10 mg·kg−1) by oral gavage 30 min prior to intraplantar injection of the PAR2 agonist SLIGRL into the left hind paw. von Frey mechanical pain threshold was subsequently measured at 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after paw injection (for both the treated and non-treated paws). PAR2 activation caused marked mechanical hyperalgesia in the left paw of the vehicle-treated animals. Compared with vehicle controls, pretreatment of mice with bafetinib inhibited PAR2-induced mechanical hyperalgesia at all time points (P < 0.05) (Figure (Figure 7A). Unexpectedly, bafetinib also inhibited the GSK1016790A-mediated hyperalgesic response compared with controls (P < 0.05; Figure 6C). Reference: Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Aug;171(16):3881-94. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128050/|
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 576.61 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
|Formulation protocol:||1. Grace MS, Lieu T, Darby B, Abogadie FC, Veldhuis N, Bunnett NW, McIntyre P. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor bafetinib inhibits PAR2-induced activation of TRPV4 channels in vitro and pain in vivo. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Aug;171(16):3881-94. doi: 10.1111/bph.12750. PMID: 24779362; PMCID: PMC4128050.|
|In vitro protocol:||1. Grace MS, Lieu T, Darby B, Abogadie FC, Veldhuis N, Bunnett NW, McIntyre P. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor bafetinib inhibits PAR2-induced activation of TRPV4 channels in vitro and pain in vivo. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Aug;171(16):3881-94. doi: 10.1111/bph.12750. PMID: 24779362; PMCID: PMC4128050.|
|In vivo protocol:||1. Grace MS, Lieu T, Darby B, Abogadie FC, Veldhuis N, Bunnett NW, McIntyre P. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor bafetinib inhibits PAR2-induced activation of TRPV4 channels in vitro and pain in vivo. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Aug;171(16):3881-94. doi: 10.1111/bph.12750. PMID: 24779362; PMCID: PMC4128050.|
1: Peter B, Hadzijusufovic E, Blatt K, Gleixner KV, Pickl WF, Thaiwong T, Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan V, Willmann M, Valent P. KIT polymorphisms and mutations determine responses of neoplastic mast cells to bafetinib (INNO-406). Exp Hematol. 2010 Sep;38(9):782-91. doi: 10.1016/j.exphem.2010.05.004. Epub 2010 May 26. PubMed PMID: 20685234.
2: Kantarjian H, le Coutre P, Cortes J, Pinilla-Ibarz J, Nagler A, Hochhaus A, Kimura S, Ottmann O. Phase 1 study of INNO-406, a dual Abl/Lyn kinase inhibitor, in Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias after imatinib resistance or intolerance. Cancer. 2010 Jun 1;116(11):2665-72. doi: 10.1002/cncr.25079. PubMed PMID: 20310049; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2876208.
3: Rix U, Remsing Rix LL, Terker AS, Fernbach NV, Hantschel O, Planyavsky M, Breitwieser FP, Herrmann H, Colinge J, Bennett KL, Augustin M, Till JH, Heinrich MC, Valent P, Superti-Furga G. A comprehensive target selectivity survey of the BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor INNO-406 by kinase profiling and chemical proteomics in chronic myeloid leukemia cells. Leukemia. 2010 Jan;24(1):44-50. doi: 10.1038/leu.2009.228. Epub 2009 Nov 5. PubMed PMID: 19890374.
4: Kamitsuji Y, Kuroda J, Kimura S, Toyokuni S, Watanabe K, Ashihara E, Tanaka H, Yui Y, Watanabe M, Matsubara H, Mizushima Y, Hiraumi Y, Kawata E, Yoshikawa T, Maekawa T, Nakahata T, Adachi S. The Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitor INNO-406 induces autophagy and different modes of cell death execution in Bcr-Abl-positive leukemias. Cell Death Differ. 2008 Nov;15(11):1712-22. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2008.107. Epub 2008 Jul 11. PubMed PMID: 18617896.
5: Morinaga K, Yamauchi T, Kimura S, Maekawa T, Ueda T. Overcoming imatinib resistance using Src inhibitor CGP76030, Abl inhibitor nilotinib and Abl/Lyn inhibitor INNO-406 in newly established K562 variants with BCR-ABL gene amplification. Int J Cancer. 2008 Jun 1;122(11):2621-7. doi: 10.1002/ijc.23435. PubMed PMID: 18338755.
6: Deguchi Y, Kimura S, Ashihara E, Niwa T, Hodohara K, Fujiyama Y, Maekawa T. Comparison of imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib and INNO-406 in imatinib-resistant cell lines. Leuk Res. 2008 Jun;32(6):980-3. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2007.11.008. Epub 2008 Jan 8. PubMed PMID: 18191450.
7: Pan J, QuintÃ¡s-Cardama A, Manshouri T, Cortes J, Kantarjian H, Verstovsek S. Sensitivity of human cells bearing oncogenic mutant kit isoforms to the novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor INNO-406. Cancer Sci. 2007 Aug;98(8):1223-5. Epub 2007 May 22. PubMed PMID: 17517053.
8: Kuroda J, Kimura S, Strasser A, Andreeff M, O'Reilly LA, Ashihara E, Kamitsuji Y, Yokota A, Kawata E, Takeuchi M, Tanaka R, Tabe Y, Taniwaki M, Maekawa T. Apoptosis-based dual molecular targeting by INNO-406, a second-generation Bcr-Abl inhibitor, and ABT-737, an inhibitor of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins, against Bcr-Abl-positive leukemia. Cell Death Differ. 2007 Sep;14(9):1667-77. Epub 2007 May 18. PubMed PMID: 17510658.
9: Maekawa T. [Innovation of clinical trials for anti-cancer drugs in Japan--proposals from academia with special reference to the development of novel Bcr-Abl/Lyn tyrosine kinase inhibitor INNO-406 (NS-187) for imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2007 Feb;34(2):301-4. Japanese. PubMed PMID: 17301549.
10: Niwa T, Asaki T, Kimura S. NS-187 (INNO-406), a Bcr-Abl/Lyn dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Anal Chem Insights. 2007 Nov 14;2:93-106. PubMed PMID: 19662183; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2716809.
11: Yokota A, Kimura S, Masuda S, Ashihara E, Kuroda J, Sato K, Kamitsuji Y, Kawata E, Deguchi Y, Urasaki Y, Terui Y, Ruthardt M, Ueda T, Hatake K, Inui K, Maekawa T. INNO-406, a novel BCR-ABL/Lyn dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor, suppresses the growth of Ph+ leukemia cells in the central nervous system, and cyclosporine A augments its in vivo activity. Blood. 2007 Jan 1;109(1):306-14. Epub 2006 Sep 5. PubMed PMID: 16954504.
The inhibitory effect of bafetinib on these specific tyrosine kinases may decrease cellular proliferation and induce apoptosis in tumor cells that overexpress these kinases. CML patients may be refractory to imatinib, which sometimes results from point mutations occurring in the kinase domain of the Bcr/Abl fusion product. Due to its dual inhibitory activity, the use of bafetinib has been shown to overcome this particular drug resistance.