WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 408158
Description: N-Acetyl calicheamicin is a derivative of calicheamicin, and is a potent enediyne antitumor antibiotic. Calicheamicins target DNA and cause strand scission. Calicheamicins bind with DNA in the minor groove, wherein they then undergo a reaction analogous to the Bergman cyclization to generate a diradical species. This diradical, 1,4-didehydrobenzene, then abstracts hydrogen atoms from the deoxyribose (sugar) backbone of DNA, which ultimately leads to strand scission. The specificity of binding of calicheamicin to the minor groove of DNA was demonstrated by Crothers et al. (1999) to be due to the aryltetrasaccharide group of the molecule.
MedKoo Cat#: 408158
Name: N-Acetyl calicheamicin
Chemical Formula: C57H76IN3O22S4
Exact Mass: 1409.2848
Molecular Weight: 1410.3785
Elemental Analysis: C, 48.54; H, 5.43; I, 9.00; N, 2.98; O, 24.96; S, 9.09
Synonym: N-Acetyl calicheamicin; N-Acetyl-γ-calicheamicin; N-Acetylcalicheamicin γ;
IUPAC/Chemical Name: S-((2R,3S,4S,6S)-6-((((2R,3S,4S,5R,6R)-5-(((2S,4S,5S)-5-(N-ethylacetamido)-4-methoxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-4-hydroxy-6-(((2S,5Z,9R,13Z)-9-hydroxy-12-((methoxycarbonyl)amino)-13-(2-(methyltrisulfanyl)ethylidene)-11-oxobicyclo[7.3.1]trideca-1(12),5-dien-3,7-diyn-2-yl)oxy)-2-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)amino)oxy)-4-hydroxy-2-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl) 4-(((2S,3R,4R,5S,6S)-3,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-3-iodo-5,6-dimethoxy-2-methylbenzothioate
InChi Key: WPDOZYZAJKUVRZ-DPACUSKXSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C57H76IN3O22S4/c1-13-61(30(6)62)32-25-76-37(23-36(32)71-7)81-50-45(66)42(27(3)78-55(50)80-35-18-16-14-15-17-20-57(70)24-34(64)43(59-56(69)75-11)40(35)31(57)19-21-85-87-84-12)60-83-38-22-33(63)52(29(5)77-38)86-53(68)39-26(2)41(58)48(51(74-10)47(39)72-8)82-54-46(67)49(73-9)44(65)28(4)79-54/h14-15,19,27-29,32-33,35-38,42,44-46,49-50,52,54-55,60,63,65-67,70H,13,21-25H2,1-12H3,(H,59,69)/b15-14-,31-19-/t27-,28+,29-,32+,33+,35+,36+,37+,38+,42-,44+,45+,46-,49-,50-,52-,54+,55+,57+/m1/s1
SMILES Code: O=C1C[C@]2(O)/C(C([C@]([H])(C#C/C=C\C#C2)O[C@@H]3O[C@H](C)[C@@H](NO[C@@H]4O[C@H](C)[C@@H](SC(C5=C(C)C(I)=C(O[C@H]6[C@H](O)[C@H](OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O6)C(OC)=C5OC)=O)[C@@H](O)C4)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O[C@H]7C[C@H](OC)[C@@H](N(CC)C(C)=O)CO7)=C1NC(OC)=O)=C\CSSSC
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: To be determined
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: To be determined
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 1410.3785 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
It was isolated originally in the mid-1980s from the chalky soil, or "caliche pits", located in Kerrville, Texas. The sample was collected by a scientist working for Lederle Labs. It is extremely toxic to all cells and, in 2000, a CD33 antigen-targeted immunoconjugate N-acetyl dimethyl hydrazide calicheamicin was developed and marketed as targeted therapy against the non-solid tumor cancer acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A second calicheamicin-linked monoclonal antibody, inotuzumab ozogamicin (marketed as Besponsa) an anti-CD22-directed antibody-drug conjugate, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on August 17, 2017, for use in the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Calicheamicin γ1 and the related enediyne esperamicin are the two of the most potent antitumor agents known.