Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
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    WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 100410

CAS#: 122111-03-9 (HCl)

Description: Gemcitabine hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of an analogue of the antimetabolite nucleoside deoxycytidine with antineoplastic activity. Gemcitabine is converted intracellularly to the active metabolites difluorodeoxycytidine di- and triphosphate (dFdCDP, dFdCTP). dFdCDP inhibits ribonucleotide reductase, thereby decreasing the deoxynucleotide pool available for DNA synthesis; dFdCTP is incorporated into DNA, resulting in DNA strand termination and apoptosis.


Price and Availability

Size
Price

1g
USD 90
10g
USD 450
100g
USD 1950
Size
Price

2g
USD 150
20g
USD 650
1kg
USD 6950
Size
Price

5g
USD 250
50g
USD 1250

Gemcitabine hydrochloride purity > 98%, is in stock. The same day shipping out after order is received. Note: the estimated shipping out time for order > 400g may be 2 weeks.


Chemical Structure

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Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 100410
Name: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
CAS#: 122111-03-9 (HCl)
Chemical Formula: C9H12ClF2N3O4
Exact Mass:
Molecular Weight: 299.66
Elemental Analysis: C, 36.07; H, 4.04; Cl, 11.83; F, 12.68; N, 14.02; O, 21.36


Related CAS #: 95058-81-4 (free base)   122111-03-9 (HCl)    

Synonym: LY188011; LY-188011; LY 188011; Abbreviations: dFdC; dFdCyd; gemcitabine; Gemzar.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 4-amino-1-((2R,4R,5R)-3,3-difluoro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-one hydrochloride

InChi Key: OKKDEIYWILRZIA-OSZBKLCCSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C9H11F2N3O4.ClH/c10-9(11)6(16)4(3-15)18-7(9)14-2-1-5(12)13-8(14)17;/h1-2,4,6-7,15-16H,3H2,(H2,12,13,17);1H/t4-,6-,7-;/m1./s1

SMILES Code: O=C1N=C(N)C=CN1[C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)C2(F)F.[H]Cl


Technical Data

Appearance:
white solid powder

Purity:
>98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Safety Data Sheet (MSDS):

Shipping Condition:
Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition:
Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility:
Soluble in DMSO at 12.5 mg/mL with slight warming; very poorly soluble in ethanol; soluble in water at 25 mg/mL with slight warming.

Shelf Life:
>2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation:
This drug may be formulated in water

Stock Solution Storage:
0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

Harmonized System Code:
2934.99.90.01


References

1: Iwata N, Yoshida T, Katsuta E, Aoyagi H, Takahata T, Hasegawa K, Kaneko J, Maejima S. [Long-surviving patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma by gemcitabine monotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2012 Nov;39(12):2116-8. Review. Japanese. PubMed PMID: 23267995.

2: Federico C, Morittu VM, Britti D, Trapasso E, Cosco D. Gemcitabine-loaded liposomes: rationale, potentialities and future perspectives. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:5423-36. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S34025. Epub 2012 Nov 1. Review. PubMed PMID: 23139626; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3490684.

3: Yuh BE, Ruel N, Wilson TG, Vogelzang N, Pal SK. Pooled analysis of clinical outcomes with neoadjuvant cisplatin and gemcitabine chemotherapy for muscle invasive bladder cancer. J Urol. 2013 May;189(5):1682-6. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.10.120. Epub 2012 Nov 1. Review. PubMed PMID: 23123547.

4: Sun C, Ansari D, Andersson R, Wu DQ. Does gemcitabine-based combination therapy improve the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic cancer? World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Sep 21;18(35):4944-58. Review. PubMed PMID: 23002368; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3447278.

5: Kuramitsu Y, Wang Y, Taba K, Suenaga S, Ryozawa S, Kaino S, Sakaida I, Nakamura K. Heat-shock protein 27 plays the key role in gemcitabine-resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Anticancer Res. 2012 Jun;32(6):2295-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 22641665.

6: Sugita Y, Hirai S, Ishkawa W, Maru N, Shimizu T, Yokota S, Nishi M, Iwamura M, Baba S. [Successful gemcitabine-nedaplatin therapy in a hemodialysis patient with ureteral carcinoma after bilateral nephroureterectomy]. Hinyokika Kiyo. 2012 Mar;58(3):159-63. Review. Japanese. PubMed PMID: 22495045.

7: Elnaggar M, Giovannetti E, Peters GJ. Molecular targets of gemcitabine action: rationale for development of novel drugs and drug combinations. Curr Pharm Des. 2012;18(19):2811-29. Review. PubMed PMID: 22390765.

8: Ying JE, Zhu LM, Liu BX. Developments in metastatic pancreatic cancer: is gemcitabine still the standard? World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Feb 28;18(8):736-45. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i8.736. Review. PubMed PMID: 22371633; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3286136.

9: Gross-Goupil M, Fourcade A, Blot E, Penel N, Négrier S, Culine S, Chaigneau L, Lesimple T, Priou F, Lortholary A, Kaminsky MC, Provencal J, Voog E, Bouzy J, Laplanche A, Fizazi K. Cisplatin alone or combined with gemcitabine in carcinomas of unknown primary: results of the randomised GEFCAPI 02 trial. Eur J Cancer. 2012 Mar;48(5):721-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2012.01.011. Epub 2012 Feb 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 22317952.

10: Shelley MD, Jones G, Cleves A, Wilt TJ, Mason MD, Kynaston HG. Intravesical gemcitabine therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC): a systematic review. BJU Int. 2012 Feb;109(4):496-505. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10880.x. Review. PubMed PMID: 22313502.