GNF2133 HCl
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MedKoo CAT#: 555725

CAS#: 2561414-57-9 (HCl)

Description: GNF2133 is a potent and selective DYRK1A inhibitor (IC50 = 6 nM). In vitro, GNF2133 is able to proliferate both rodent and human β-cells. In vivo, GNF2133 demonstrated significant dose-dependent glucose disposal capacity and insulin secretion in response to glucose-potentiated arginine-induced insulin secretion (GPAIS) challenge in rat insulin promoter and diphtheria toxin A (RIP-DTA) mice.


Chemical Structure

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GNF2133 HCl
CAS# 2561414-57-9 (HCl)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 555725
Name: GNF2133 HCl
CAS#: 2561414-57-9 (HCl)
Chemical Formula: C24H31ClN6O2
Exact Mass: 434.243
Molecular Weight: 471.0
Elemental Analysis: C, 61.20; H, 6.63; Cl, 7.53; N, 17.84; O, 6.79

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
10.0mg USD 150.0 Ready to ship
25.0mg USD 250.0 Ready to ship
50.0mg USD 450.0 Ready to ship
100.0mg USD 750.0 Ready to ship
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Related CAS #: 2561414-56-8 (free base)   2561414-57-9 (HCl)    

Synonym: GNF2133 HCl; GNF2133 hydrochloride; GNF2133; GNF-2133; GNF 2133;

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 4-Ethyl-N-(4-(1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridin-3-yl)pyridin-2-yl)piperazine-1-carboxamide hydrochloride

InChi Key: PKSHRWPMQDLRRB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C24H30N6O2.ClH/c1-2-28-9-11-29(12-10-28)24(31)27-23-15-18(3-8-26-23)21-17-30(19-5-13-32-14-6-19)22-16-25-7-4-20(21)22;/h3-4,7-8,15-17,19H,2,5-6,9-14H2,1H3,(H,26,27,31);1H

SMILES Code: O=C(N1CCN(CC)CC1)NC2=NC=CC(C3=CN(C4CCOCC4)C5=C3C=CN=C5)=C2.[H]Cl

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shelf Life: >3 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Product Data:

Safety Data Sheet (SDS):

Biological target: GNF2133 hydrochloride is a potent, selective and orally active DYRK1A inhibitor with IC50s of 0.0062, >50 µM for DYRK1A and GSK3β, respectively.
In vitro activity: This report describes the discovery of a potent and selective DYRK1A inhibitor GNF2133, which was identified through optimization of a 6-azaindole screening hit. In vitro, GNF2133 is able to proliferate both rodent and human β-cells. Reference: J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32077280/
In vivo activity: In vivo, GNF2133 demonstrated significant dose-dependent glucose disposal capacity and insulin secretion in response to glucose-potentiated arginine-induced insulin secretion (GPAIS) challenge in rat insulin promoter and diphtheria toxin A (RIP-DTA) mice. Reference: J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32077280/

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 471.0 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL
Formulation protocol: 1. Liu YA, Jin Q, Zou Y, Ding Q, Yan S, Wang Z, Hao X, Nguyen B, Zhang X, Pan J, Mo T, Jacobsen K, Lam T, Wu TY, Petrassi HM, Bursulaya B, DiDonato M, Gordon WP, Liu B, Baaten J, Hill R, Nguyen-Tran V, Qiu M, Zhang YQ, Kamireddy A, Espinola S, Deaton L, Ha S, Harb G, Jia Y, Li J, Shen W, Schumacher AM, Colman K, Glynne R, Pan S, McNamara P, Laffitte B, Meeusen S, Molteni V, Loren J. Selective DYRK1A Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Discovery of 6-Azaindole Derivative GNF2133. J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01624. Epub 2020 Feb 20. PMID: 32077280.
In vitro protocol: 1. Liu YA, Jin Q, Zou Y, Ding Q, Yan S, Wang Z, Hao X, Nguyen B, Zhang X, Pan J, Mo T, Jacobsen K, Lam T, Wu TY, Petrassi HM, Bursulaya B, DiDonato M, Gordon WP, Liu B, Baaten J, Hill R, Nguyen-Tran V, Qiu M, Zhang YQ, Kamireddy A, Espinola S, Deaton L, Ha S, Harb G, Jia Y, Li J, Shen W, Schumacher AM, Colman K, Glynne R, Pan S, McNamara P, Laffitte B, Meeusen S, Molteni V, Loren J. Selective DYRK1A Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Discovery of 6-Azaindole Derivative GNF2133. J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01624. Epub 2020 Feb 20. PMID: 32077280.
In vivo protocol: 1. Liu YA, Jin Q, Zou Y, Ding Q, Yan S, Wang Z, Hao X, Nguyen B, Zhang X, Pan J, Mo T, Jacobsen K, Lam T, Wu TY, Petrassi HM, Bursulaya B, DiDonato M, Gordon WP, Liu B, Baaten J, Hill R, Nguyen-Tran V, Qiu M, Zhang YQ, Kamireddy A, Espinola S, Deaton L, Ha S, Harb G, Jia Y, Li J, Shen W, Schumacher AM, Colman K, Glynne R, Pan S, McNamara P, Laffitte B, Meeusen S, Molteni V, Loren J. Selective DYRK1A Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Discovery of 6-Azaindole Derivative GNF2133. J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01624. Epub 2020 Feb 20. PMID: 32077280.

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Liu YA, Jin Q, Zou Y, Ding Q, Yan S, Wang Z, Hao X, Nguyen B, Zhang X, Pan J, Mo T, Jacobsen K, Lam T, Wu TY, Petrassi HM, Bursulaya B, DiDonato M, Gordon WP, Liu B, Baaten J, Hill R, Nguyen-Tran V, Qiu M, Zhang YQ, Kamireddy A, Espinola S, Deaton L, Ha S, Harb G, Jia Y, Li J, Shen W, Schumacher AM, Colman K, Glynne R, Pan S, McNamara P, Laffitte B, Meeusen S, Molteni V, Loren J. Selective DYRK1A Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Discovery of 6-Azaindole Derivative GNF2133. J Med Chem. 2020 Mar 26;63(6):2958-2973. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01624. Epub 2020 Feb 20. PMID: 32077280.



Additional Information

Autoimmune deficiency and destruction in either β-cell mass or function can cause insufficient insulin levels and, as a result, hyperglycemia and diabetes. Thus, promoting β-cell proliferation could be one approach toward diabetes intervention