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MedKoo CAT#: 207091
Description: Gboxin chloride is an oxidative phosphorylation inhibitor that targets glioblastoma but not embryonic fibroblasts or neonatal astrocytes. Gboxin rapidly and irreversibly compromises oxygen consumption in glioblastoma cells. Gboxin relies on its positive charge to associate with mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation complexes in a manner that is dependent on the proton gradient of the inner mitochondrial membrane, and it inhibits the activity of F0F1 ATP synthase.
MedKoo Cat#: 207091
Name: Gboxin chloride
Chemical Formula: C22H33ClN2O2
Exact Mass: 392.2231
Molecular Weight: 392.968
Elemental Analysis: C, 67.24; H, 8.46; Cl, 9.02; N, 7.13; O, 8.14
Synonym: Gboxin; Gboxin chloride
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 2-Ethyl-1-(2-(((1R,2S,5R)-2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexyl)oxy)-2-oxoethyl)-3-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-3-ium chloride
InChi Key: UBWVTCCKVGOTBG-VYZBTARASA-M
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H33N2O2.ClH/c1-6-21-23(5)18-9-7-8-10-19(18)24(21)14-22(25)26-20-13-16(4)11-12-17(20)15(2)3;/h7-10,15-17,20H,6,11-14H2,1-5H3;1H/q+1;/p-1/t16-,17+,20-;/m1./s1
SMILES Code: C[N+]1=C(CC)N(CC(O[C@H]2[C@H](C(C)C)CC[C@@H](C)C2)=O)C3=CC=CC=C31.[Cl-]
Gboxin-resistant cells require a functional mitochondrial permeability transition pore that regulates pH and thus impedes the accumulation of Gboxin in the mitochondrial matrix. Administration of a metabolically stable Gboxin analogue inhibits glioblastoma allografts and patient-derived xenografts. Gboxin toxicity extends to established human cancer cell lines of diverse organ origin, and shows that the increased proton gradient and pH in cancer cell mitochondria is a mode of action that can be targeted in the development of antitumour reagents.
1: Shi Y, Lim SK, Liang Q, Iyer SV, Wang HY, Wang Z, Xie X, Sun D, Chen YJ, Tabar
V, Gutin P, Williams N, De Brabander JK, Parada LF. Gboxin is an oxidative
phosphorylation inhibitor that targets glioblastoma. Nature. 2019
Mar;567(7748):341-346. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-0993-x. Epub 2019 Mar 6. PubMed