AOD9604

    WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 530636

CAS#: 221231-10-3

Description: AOD-9604 is a potential anti-obesity peptide based on human growth hormone. AOD9604 was originally developed after research on mice, but subsequent studies in human have shown no efficacy for the potential treatment of obesity.


Chemical Structure

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AOD9604
CAS# 221231-10-3

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 530636
Name: AOD9604
CAS#: 221231-10-3
Chemical Formula: C78H123N23O23S2
Exact Mass: 1813.8604
Molecular Weight: 1815.1
Elemental Analysis: C, 51.61; H, 6.83; N, 17.75; O, 20.27; S, 3.53

Price and Availability

This product is not in stock, which may be available by custom synthesis. For cost-effective reason, minimum order is 1g (price is usually high, lead time is 2~3 months, depending on the technical challenge). Quote less than 1g will not be provided. To request quote, please email to sales @medkoo.com or click below button.
Note: Price will be listed if it is available in the future.

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Related CAS #: 386264-39-7   221231-10-3    

Synonym: AOD-9604; AOD 9604; AOD9604.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: L-tyrosyl-L-leucyl-L-arginyl-L-isoleucyl-L-valyl-L-glutaminyl-L-cysteinyl-L-arginyl-L-seryl-L-valyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-glycyl-L-seryl-L-cysteinyl-glycyl-L-phenylalanine (7->14)-disulfide.

InChi Key: GVIYUKXRXPXMQM-BPXGDYAESA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C78H123N23O23S2/c1-9-41(8)62(101-68(115)47(18-14-28-86-78(83)84)91-69(116)50(29-38(2)3)95-63(110)45(79)30-43-19-21-44(104)22-20-43)75(122)100-61(40(6)7)74(121)94-49(23-25-56(80)105)67(114)98-55-37-126-125-36-54(65(112)88-32-57(106)89-51(76(123)124)31-42-15-11-10-12-16-42)97-70(117)52(34-102)90-58(107)33-87-64(111)48(24-26-59(108)109)93-73(120)60(39(4)5)99-71(118)53(35-103)96-66(113)46(92-72(55)119)17-13-27-85-77(81)82/h10-12,15-16,19-22,38-41,45-55,60-62,102-104H,9,13-14,17-18,23-37,79H2,1-8H3,(H2,80,105)(H,87,111)(H,88,112)(H,89,106)(H,90,107)(H,91,116)(H,92,119)(H,93,120)(H,94,121)(H,95,110)(H,96,113)(H,97,117)(H,98,114)(H,99,118)(H,100,122)(H,101,115)(H,108,109)(H,123,124)(H4,81,82,85)(H4,83,84,86)/t41-,45-,46-,47-,48-,49-,50-,51-,52-,53-,54-,55-,60-,61-,62-/m0/s1

SMILES Code: CC[C@H](C)[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(=O)N)C(=O)N[C@H]1CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC1=O)CCCNC(=N)N)CO)C(C)C)CCC(=O)O)CO)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CC2=CC=CC=C2)C(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCNC(=N)N)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CC3=CC=C(C=C3)O)N

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 1815.1 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Thomas A, Görgens C, Guddat S, Thieme D, Dellanna F, Schänzer W, Thevis M. Simplifying and expanding the screening for peptides <2 kDa by direct urine injection, liquid chromatography, and ion mobility mass spectrometry. J Sep Sci. 2016 Jan;39(2):333-41. doi: 10.1002/jssc.201501060. Epub 2015 Dec 15. PubMed PMID: 26578461.

2: Kwon DR, Park GY. Effect of Intra-articular Injection of AOD9604 with or without Hyaluronic Acid in Rabbit Osteoarthritis Model. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2015 Summer;45(4):426-32. PubMed PMID: 26275694.

3: Thevis M, Thomas A, Schänzer W. Detecting peptidic drugs, drug candidates and analogs in sports doping: current status and future directions. Expert Rev Proteomics. 2014 Dec;11(6):663-73. doi: 10.1586/14789450.2014.965159. Epub 2014 Nov 8. PubMed PMID: 25382550.

4: Cox HD, Smeal SJ, Hughes CM, Cox JE, Eichner D. Detection and in vitro metabolism of AOD9604. Drug Test Anal. 2015 Jan;7(1):31-8. doi: 10.1002/dta.1715. Epub 2014 Sep 10. PubMed PMID: 25208511.

5: Vanhee C, Moens G, Deconinck E, De Beer JO. Identification and characterization of peptide drugs in unknown pharmaceutical preparations seized by the Belgian authorities: case report on AOD9604. Drug Test Anal. 2014 Sep;6(9):964-8. doi: 10.1002/dta.1687. Epub 2014 Jun 26. PubMed PMID: 24976118.

6: Thevis M, Schänzer W. Analytical approaches for the detection of emerging therapeutics and non-approved drugs in human doping controls. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2014 Dec;101:66-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2014.05.020. Epub 2014 May 23. Review. PubMed PMID: 24906629.

7: Orlovius AK, Thomas A, Schänzer W, Thevis M. AOD-9604 does not influence the WADA hGH isoform immunoassay. Drug Test Anal. 2013 Nov-Dec;5(11-12):850-2. doi: 10.1002/dta.1557. Epub 2013 Sep 30. PubMed PMID: 24124033.

8: Khan A, Raza S, Khan Y, Aksoy T, Khan M, Weinberger Y, Goldman J. Current updates in the medical management of obesity. Recent Pat Endocr Metab Immune Drug Discov. 2012 May;6(2):117-28. Review. PubMed PMID: 22435392.

9: Zieba R. [Obesity: a review of currently used antiobesity drugs and new compounds in clinical development]. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2007 Oct 19;61:612-26. Review. Polish. PubMed PMID: 17971763.

10: Jensen MD. Potential role of new therapies in modifying cardiovascular risk in overweight patients with metabolic risk factors. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Jun;14 Suppl 3:143S-149S. Review. PubMed PMID: 16931496.

11: Halford JC. Obesity drugs in clinical development. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2006 Apr;7(4):312-8. Review. PubMed PMID: 16625817.

12: Bayés M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Apr;27(3):193-219. PubMed PMID: 15834452.

13: Wilding J. AOD-9604 Metabolic. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2004 Apr;5(4):436-40. Review. PubMed PMID: 15134286.

14: Bayes M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2003 Nov;25(9):747-71. PubMed PMID: 14685303.

15: Bayés M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2003 Sep;25(7):565-97. PubMed PMID: 14571286.

16: Heffernan M, Summers RJ, Thorburn A, Ogru E, Gianello R, Jiang WJ, Ng FM. The Effects of Human GH and Its Lipolytic Fragment (AOD9604) on Lipid Metabolism Following Chronic Treatment in Obese Mice andβ 3-AR Knock-Out Mice. Endocrinology. 2001 Dec 1;142(12):5182-5189. doi: 10.1210/endo.142.12.8522. PubMed PMID: 28201187.

17: Heffernan M, Summers RJ, Thorburn A, Ogru E, Gianello R, Jiang WJ, Ng FM. The effects of human GH and its lipolytic fragment (AOD9604) on lipid metabolism following chronic treatment in obese mice and beta(3)-AR knock-out mice. Endocrinology. 2001 Dec;142(12):5182-9. PubMed PMID: 11713213.

18: Heffernan MA, Thorburn AW, Fam B, Summers R, Conway-Campbell B, Waters MJ, Ng FM. Increase of fat oxidation and weight loss in obese mice caused by chronic treatment with human growth hormone or a modified C-terminal fragment. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Oct;25(10):1442-9. PubMed PMID: 11673763.

19: Ng FM, Sun J, Sharma L, Libinaka R, Jiang WJ, Gianello R. Metabolic studies of a synthetic lipolytic domain (AOD9604) of human growth hormone. Horm Res. 2000;53(6):274-8. PubMed PMID: 11146367.



Additional Information

AOD9604: Condensed name: H-Tyr-Leu-Arg-Ile-Val-Gln-Cys(1)-Arg-Ser-Val-Glu-Gly-Ser-Cys(1)-Gly-Phe-OH.
Sequence: YLRIVQCRSVEGSCGF.

This peptide has an amino acid sequence that mimics the lipolytic region of human growth hormone (the region of this hormone thought to be responsible for burning fat) and it has been promoted variously as a weight loss supplement, as an aid to muscle and cartilage repair, and a treatment for osteoarthritis by its manufacturers. It is also known as lipotropin and Tyr-hGH fragment, and is generally available these days as a transdermal cream or an injectable.